July 7 airliner Air Canada airlines flying from Toronto, mistakenly walked not on the runway, and taxiway, where at that time there were four other liner. Dispatchers managed to stop in time to the pilot, to give the team a go-around, after which the aircraft safely sat down already in the correct lane.
According to the head Aero Consulting Experts and former United Airlines pilot Ross Amery, the incident threatened to become the largest catastrophe in the history of aviation: “Imagine a huge Airbus that crashed four passenger liner with full tanks.”
Let us recall the most famous and unusual survival in cases of crashes.
Disaster Boeing 777 in San Francisco
July 6, 2013 there was a crash Boeing 777 in San Francisco . Airliner Boeing 777-28EER airlines Asiana Airlines OZ-made flight 214 from Seoul to San Francisco, but San Francisco crashed into an embankment in front of the runway end and collapsed during landing at the airport.
Cause of the accident NTSB panel called the erroneous actions of the crew: the plane was down too quickly. The pilots noticed that the rate of descent and airspeed did not meet the necessary, when the plane was 60 meters from the ground, but did not take action to care for the second round. More precisely, for 1.5 seconds before the collision the crew decided to go to the second round, but the opportunity to do so was not there.
The blow came off the plane’s tail and the left engine, the fuselage skidded for about 600 meters and described the band almost a full circle – it has developed on 330 degrees.
From on board were 307 people (291 passengers and 16 crew members) died 3 schoolgirls (two at the crash site, one died in the hospital), 187 people were injured. “Only three people” – it’s hard to believe, looking at the photos of the broken ship.
This crash has shown that serious damage to the aircraft does not imply great sacrifices. There is another interesting fact: Contrary to popular theory that the safest places are located in the rear of the plane, all three victims of the crash were just there.
Salon Flight 214 after the crash:
Miracle in Toronto, 2005
It was a loud case, when all the people survived the completely destroyed ship.
August 2, 2005 near Toronto Pearson International Airport accident aircraft A340 airline Air France, which fly AFR358 route Paris-Toronto. On its board were 12 crew members and 297 passengers.
The approach carried out in adverse weather conditions with large thunderstorm cells over the airport in light rain and flashes of lightning on the runway. Planting was carried out in manual mode with the disconnected the autopilot and autothrottle. Image: airliners.net.
Flying runway end well above the airliner has landed more than one-third from the beginning of the runway. Pilots used a reverse, but were not able to stop within the band, resulting in a liner ran off the runway and skidded into a ravine. There was a fire, which is a few minutes covered the airliner and killed him, but all 309 people on board were evacuated in time.
The evacuation of 309 people took less than 2 minutes, then many, including Transport Minister Zhana Lapera Canada called “a miracle.” Image: airliners.net.
Survive a fall from a height of 5 km
Young student Larissa Savitskaya, along with her husband, Vladimir returned from his honeymoon. aircraft An-24, August 24, 1981 which flew the couple Sawicki, at an altitude of 5220 m was faced with a military bomber Tu-16. After the collision, the crews of both aircraft were killed. The collision AN-24 loses the wings with the fuel tank and the top of the fuselage. The remainder of the course in the fall broke in several times.
Passenger aircraft An-24:
At the moment of accident Larisa Savickaya sleep in his chair in the tail section of the aircraft. Awakened by a strong shock and sudden burning (temperature immediately fell from 25 ° C to -30 ° C). After another fault of the fuselage, which was held right in front of her chair, Larissa was thrown into the passage, waking up, she got to the nearest chair, climbed up and shrank into it, and not strapped. Larisa herself later claimed that at that moment she remembered an episode from the movie “Miracles still happen,” where the heroine in the crash of the aircraft shrank in his chair and survive.
Part of the aircraft body planned to birch grove, which softened the blow. By subsequent studies, all falling debris plane sizes of 3 meters wide by four meters in length, which was Savickaya, took 8 minutes. A few hours Savitskaya was unconscious. Waking up on the ground, Larissa saw in front of a chair with the body of a dead man. She received a number of serious injuries, but could move independently.
Two days later, it found the rescuers who were surprised when, after two days, they could find only dead bodies, they met a living person. Later she learned that was already dug the grave for her, and for her husband. She was the only survivor of the 38 people on board. The causes of the collision of aircraft were poor organization and management in the area of flight Zavitinsk airfield.
Larisa Savitskaya twice included in the Russian edition of the Guinness Book of Records :
- as a man who survived after falling from a maximum height,
- as a person who has received the minimum amount of compensation for physical damage – 75 rubles. According to the state insurance regulations in the USSR was supposed to 300 rubles. compensation for the victims and 75 rubles. for survivors in the crash.
Larisa Savitskaya with his son George. Image: sergiev.ru .
Survive a fall from a height of 10 km without a parachute
The disaster of the DC-9 Hermsdorf – a plane crash, which occurred January 26, 1972. Airliner McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32 Airlines Yugoslav Airlines carried JAT367 flight from Stockholm – Copenhagen – Zagreb – Belgrade, but after 46 minutes after taking off from Copenhagen airliner exploded in the air. According to some reports, a bomb in a luggage compartment liner left the Croatian group of extremists.
DC-9-32 airline JAT, identical exploded:
The explosion occurred on the German liner Hermsdorf and aircraft debris fell near the town Česká Kamenice (Czechoslovakia). From on board, 28 people (23 passengers and 5 crew) remained alive only one – 22-year-old flight attendant Vesna Vulovic, which fell without a parachute from a height of 10 160 meters. She – the owner of the world record height for surviving in a free fall without a parachute, according to the Guinness Book of Records.
Spring was in a coma and has received numerous injuries: fractures of the skull base, three vertebrae, both legs and pelvis. Treatment took 16 months, of which over 10 have been paralyzed women lower body (from the waist to the feet).
Miracle on the Hudson: Emergency landing of A320
It Incidents occurred January 15, 2009. Airliner Airbus A320-214 airline US Airways flight performed AWE 1549 from New York to Charlotte, Seattle, and on board were 150 passengers and 5 crew members. In 1.5 minutes after takeoff airliner collided with a flock of birds and he refused both engines. Commander Chesley Sullenberger, a former US Air Force pilot, he decided that the only option to save the 155 people on board – landing on the Hudson River. Splashdown proved to be successful.
The crew safely landed the plane in the water of the Hudson River in New York. All on board were 155 people survived, 83 people were injured – five serious (the most affected one flight attendant) and 78 minor.
BB Media event known as the “Miracle on the Hudson.” Total 11 cases of known controlled emergency landings passenger airliners into the water, this case – the fourth that cost without sacrifice.
By the way, yesterday, July 17, 2017 the plane “Ural Airlines” (U6-2932 flight Simferopol – Ekaterinburg) collided with a flock of birds, causing the nose cone was damaged. It would seem that such a large object and some birds, but … the plane eventually repaired 12 hours.
Here is a collision with birds from the pilot’s seat and outside:
Tupolev-124 on the Neva
This case splashdown occurred in the Soviet Air Force in the sky over Leningrad August 21, 1963. As a result of coincidence in passenger aircraft Tu-124 engine failure, the liner began to plan half a kilometer from the heights above the city center. The crew had no choice but to try to make a splashdown on the surface of the Neva. We survived all 52 people on board.
Originally investigating the circumstances of the accident commission blamed for the contingency on the crew. But later it was decided not to punish the pilots.
Splashdown IL-12 in Kazan
And 10 years ago, April 30, 1953 the company “Aeroflot” aircraft IL-12, P 35 performing flight on the route Moscow – Kazan – Novosibirsk. On board were 18 passengers and 5 crew members. At 21:37, at the moment when the plane in preparation for landing in Kazan, flew over the river, there was a very heavy blow. Crew members recalled that they had dark eyes. In both engines dropped power, and exhaust pipes emerged from the flame.
the captain decided to make an emergency splashdown. IL-12 splashed down near the Kazan river port, and then the car began to rapidly fill the river water. evacuation could not be implemented in time. The crew told the passengers that the plane splashed down in the shallow water, which is why many have attended in order to collect personal belongings. In fact, the depth of the river at this point reached about 20 meters. As a result, the people who had put on top of the clothes were in the water and began to sink. Of the 22 people drowned one passenger. The Commission of Inquiry found that the cause of PE was a collision of the aircraft with a flock of ducks.
Miracle in the Andes
October 13, 1972 there was a plane crash FH-227, which was called “Miracle in the Andes.” Airliner Fairchild FH-227D Uruguayan Air charter flights FAU 571 from Montevideo Mendoza-Santiago, and on board were five crew members and 40 passengers (members of the rugby team Old Cristians, their relatives and sponsors). On approaching the Santiago ship hit the cyclone hit a rock and fell at the foot of the mountain.
Airplane Fairchild FH-227D board T-571:
Surviving was the minimum supply of food, moreover, they have no sources of heat necessary for survival in the harsh cold climate at an altitude of 3600 meters. Despairing of hunger and radio reports that “all measures to search for the missing plane stopped,” people began eating the frozen bodies of their fallen comrades. Rescuers found out about only after surviving 72 days …
12 passengers were killed in the fall and a collision with the rock, 5 more died later from his wounds and cold. Then, of the remaining 28 survivors were killed 8 more at the avalanche, which covered their “home” of the fuselage of the aircraft, and later three more died of their wounds.
Incident with a Boeing 737 over Kahului
It Incidents occurred April 28, 1988. Airliner Boeing 737-297 Aloha Airlines airline operates domestic flights AQ 243 from Hilo, Honolulu, and on board were 6 crew members and 89 passengers. But 23 minutes after takeoff from the aircraft suddenly blew off a large part of the design of the fuselage in the nose. According to the report, the causes of the accident are: metal corrosion, poor epoxy ligament portions of the fuselage, as well as fatigue rivets.
Survived 94 people of senior attendant 95. Killed Clarabelle Lansing – upon failure of the fuselage of the aircraft it was in the middle, and the air flow it was thrown out. Det body as torn pieces of the fuselage about 5.4 meters long, search parties were unable to find.