This week was summarize results of the contest: “Russia 10”, the purpose of which is the choice of the main attractions of the country. New visual symbols of Russia, selected by popular vote (in total was accounted for nearly 225 million votes), according to the organizers of the competition, designed to promote the image of Russia as a unique country with a rich cultural and natural heritage.
You will find 10 winners, selected from more than 700 objects.
1. Lake Baikal (Photo: Alexander Losev)
Lake Baikal – the largest repository of high-quality fresh water, the deepest and one of the oldest lakes in the world. In 2008, the Baikal is recognized as one of the Seven Wonders of Russia.
2. Rostov Kremlin (Photo: Valery Abramov)
The Kremlin was built in the XVII century as Rostov Metropolitan, that is, the residence of Metropolitan Jonah. So call it the Kremlin formally not for that, the stone walls were rather decorative in nature and should not have been used to defend the city. Total Kremlin has eleven towers. Inside are several churches, among which the Assumption, with its bell-tower of the quadriceps. The Kremlin is also famous for the fact that this is where the movie filmed episodes Gaidai “Ivan Vasilyevich Changes Occupation”.
3. Peterhof (Photo by Ilya Strom)
Peterhof – a kind of triumphal monument to the successful completion of Russia’s struggle for access to the Baltic Sea. The monument of world architecture and palace and park art includes the palace and park ensemble of the XVIII-XIX centuries, as well as the world’s largest system of fountains and water cascades. Museum “Peterhof” brings together 21 museums, including the unexpected, such as the Museum “Imperial bikes”, “Museum of Playing Cards” and “Museum of collectors.”
4. Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin (Photo: Alexander Synder)
From the annals known to Nizhniy Novgorod was founded in 1221 by Grand Prince of Vladimir Yuri Vsyevolodovitch. Defensive fortifications of the city – deep ditches and tall trees – were originally built of earth and wood. Stone Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin was in 1515, when there was a need to strengthen the defense of the city – the main stronghold of the Moscow State against the Kazan Khanate. The new citadel was surrounded by a two-kilometer wall with 13 towers. In the XVI century it was repeatedly besieged by the enemy, but the enemy was never able to master it.
5. Mamaev Kurgan and Sculpture “The Motherland Calls” (Photo: Anastasia Andreeva)
Memorial “Battle of Stalingrad” was opened on the Mamaev Kurgan in Volgograd in 1967. Areas of Tribulation begins the ascent to the summit of the mound to the bottom of the main monument – “The Motherland Calls”. Along the serpentine in the hill reburied the remains of soldiers – the defenders of Stalingrad. Statue by the sculptor and engineer Vucetic Nikitin made of 5,500 tons of concrete and 2,400 tons of metal structures. The height of the monument – 86 meters, the height of the sculpture – 53 meters. When this thickness of sculpture – no more than 30 centimeters. The sword in the hand of the motherland weighs 14 tons and has a length of 33 meters. It is said that in the palm of the statue fits the car. In 2008, a statue of the Motherland at Mamaev Kurgan is also recognized as one of the Seven Wonders of Russia.
6. Pskov Kremlin – Chrome (Photo: Valery Abramov)
Pskov Krom – the largest fortress in Europe. The length of the walls – 9 kilometers, the area – 3 acres. Krom is located on a narrow promontory at the confluence of the River Great Pskov. Now the territory of the Kremlin combines two diachronic part of the city with a citadel Trinity Cathedral, bell tower, the Veche area and Dovmontov city. Pride of Russian art of the XVII century – the seven-tiered iconostasis of the Trinity Cathedral. To especially revered shrines of the temple are working icons, the ark containing the relics of saints and Pskov Holguin cross. For centuries, the city is threatened constantly enemy attack, forcing Pskov constantly improve defenses. Pskov Kremlin in its history passed 26 sieges. The fortress, which on active military use for nearly 1000 years, preserved in almost original form.
7. The mosque named after Akhmad Kadyrov’s “Heart of Chechnya” (Photo: Timur Agirov)
Mosque “Heart of Chechnya” in Grozny, considered one of the big, beautiful and majestic mosques in Europe and the world. Opened October 17, 2008 and named after Akhmad Kadyrov, the first President of the Chechen Republic. The mosque is located on the picturesque banks of the River Sunzha middle of a huge park with cascading fountains and colored night lighting. Exterior and interior walls of the mosque in marble, and 36 chandeliers installed in mosques, their shapes resemble three main shrines of Islam: 27 chandeliers mimic the mosque al-Sahra Qubbat in Jerusalem, 8, modeled Rovzat-Nebevi mosque in Medina, and the biggest one, eight-meter chandelier, repeats the forms Kaaba shrine in Mecca. The collection of exclusive chandeliers took several tons of bronze, about three kilograms of gold, and more than one million parts and crystals Swarovski.
8. Trinity-Sergius Lavra (Photo: Vera Ostroumova)
Trinity-Sergius Lavra is located in the heart of Sergiev Posad, Moscow region, on the river Konchury. Founded in 1337 by St. Sergius of Radonezh. The earliest structure of the monastery is considered to be white-stone Trinity Cathedral, erected in 1422 on the site of a wooden church and perpetuated the tradition of Moscow architecture of XIV-XV centuries. This is a unique historic site, one of the few churches where the iconostasis painted by the greatest artists-painters – Andrei Rublev and Daniil Cherny. At Trinity Cathedral lie the relics of St. Sergius of Radonezh, who daily come to worship hundreds of parishioners. In 1744, the Holy Trinity Monastery was awarded the honorary title of Lavra. Today, it is a functioning monastery, the spiritual center of the Orthodox Russian. Since 1940, the Trinity-Sergius Lavra – State Museum-Reserve. It is under the protection of UNESCO.
9. Kizhi (Photo by Oleg Semenenko)
This is a unique historical, cultural and natural complex, which is a particularly valuable object of cultural heritage of the peoples of Russia and the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage. The basis of the museum’s collection – the ensemble of Kizhi. It consists of two churches and bell towers of XVIII-XIX centuries, surrounded by a single fence – the reconstruction of traditional fencing graveyards. Church of the Transfiguration, re-erected after a fire in 1714, cut down from the tree (including 22 of the dome and cross), without nails, with the ax and chisel. Long life Kizhi churches just because they were built without the use of the saw – woodworking ax does not violate its structure, so the church is not destroyed. In 1966, on the basis of the architectural ensemble of Kizhi was founded by the State Historical and Architectural Museum “Kizhi”, where, in addition to existing in their original locations of buildings, were SVEZA large number of chapels, houses and outbuildings of the Onega region and other regions of Karelia.
10. Kolomna Kremlin (Photo: Alex fatigue)
The Kremlin in Kolomna – one of the most powerful fortresses of Muscovy, was built in the years 1525-1531 during the reign of Vasily III. The Kremlin is located at the confluence of the Moscow and Kolomenka. Unfortunately, time has not been kind to the Kremlin – the fortress there were only a few towers and a pair of fragments of walls. Despite this, the Kremlin and in our time is startling in its majesty and power. The most interesting of the seven surviving towers – Marinkina or Kolomenskaya Tower. With this tower linked tradition: it was allegedly imprisoned wife Falsdmitry – Marina Mnishek. Currently located on the territory of the Kremlin Military History Sports and Cultural Complex. It hosts jousting knights and games, contests fighters, wrestlers and shooters, ancient rituals, folk festivals and fairs.
Among the 30 finalists also included the Temple of the “Golden Abode of Buddha Shakyamuni” Kungurskaya Cave, Solovetsky Archipelago, the Curonian Spit, the Valley of Geysers, cable-stayed bridge in Vladivostok and other attractions.