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Venice Carnival 2016

Carnivals – a costumed celebrations associated with disguises, masquerades and colorful processions, mass festivities and theatrical performances. They celebrated before Lent. Carnivals are distributed mainly in Catholic countries, and dates back to the pagan customs of the Roman Empire. Carnival appeared in the IX-X centuries. By this time the earliest mention of the periodic urban festivals in different cities of Western Europe.

The first carnival appeared in Italy, and the first of them – the Carnival in Venice.

The Venice 2016 Carnival (the Carnevale) will take place from January 23 – February 9.

From January 23 – February 9, 2016, Venice will slough off the winter gloom and burst into life. During the Carnival (Carnevale), this most magical of cities fills with a mass of masked party-goers – posing and preening, dancing and philandering, in a slightly surreal re-invention of a great tradition of the city.

The first mention of the carnival in Venice belongs to 1094, although the centuries XIII-XIV masks carnivals were not.

In 1162, in honor of the victory over the Patriarch of Aquileia festivities began at the main square in Venice – San Marco. Presumably since then the Carnival has become an annual event. (Photo by Alessandro Bianchi | Reuters):

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3. Wearing masks were very popular for a while; Venetians wore them for six months – from August to Lent. In connection with the increase in the number of brothels masks were banned by the Council of Ten in 1703, but next year the decision was canceled. (Photo by Alessandro Bianchi | Reuters):

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4. Carnival of Venice in Piazza San Marco, 30 January 2016. (Photo by Alessandro Bianchi | Reuters):

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5. About 3 million people come to the Carnival of Venice, including participants and photographers. (Photo by Alessandro Bianchi | Reuters):

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6. In the XVII century the Venetian Carnival was in decline, but in 1979 the Venetian Carnival once again became popular: the Italian government elected him to promote the history and culture of Venice. (Photo by Alessandro Bianchi | Reuters):

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7. (Photo by Alessandro Bianchi | Reuters):

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8. Carnival of Venice opens old Venetian festival – Festa delle Marie, which is dedicated to the liberation of the Venetian girls, abducted by pirates from Istria. (Photo by Alessandro Bianchi | Reuters):

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9. Here Marie to St. Mark’s Square during the Venetian Carnival January 30, 2016. (Photo by Alessandro Bianchi | Reuters):

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10. Organized and costumed performances, which reliably recreate the enchanting, frivolous atmosphere of carnivals past centuries. (Photo by Alessandro Bianchi | Reuters):

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11. In 1996, the Carnival of Venice got its own anthem, who wrote the famous fashion designer Pierre Cardin. It turns out, he also wrote the music. (Photo by Alessandro Bianchi | Reuters):

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12. The last day of the carnival – Fat Tuesday (similar Slavic Shrovetide), followed by a forty-day fast before Easter. (Photo by Alessandro Bianchi | Reuters):

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13. And of course, the traditional symbol of the annual Carnival in Venice – the famous Venetian mask. (Photo by Alessandro Bianchi | Reuters):

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14. The Gondoliers. Venice January 30, 2016. (Photo by Alessandro Bianchi | Reuters):

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15. Masks were used in everyday life in order to conceal his face. It served a variety of purposes: from the romantic to the crimes. The last led to a ban on wearing masks outside the Carnival just before the end of the Venetian Republic. (Photo by Alessandro Bianchi | Reuters):

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16. The process of making the Venetian carnival mask looks simple. Take the plaster mold, greased with Vaseline and filled the inside layer of papier-mache, prepared by a special recipe. The resulting preform is dried and polishes, and then it is cut out openings for the eyes. Then proceed to the decor. (Photo by Alessandro Bianchi | Reuters):

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17. Masks are often coated with a special paint to make them look like old. Decorating the surface – it is often a slow and painstaking process, using acrylic paints, gold and silver foil, enamel, lacquer, expensive fabrics, rhinestones, feathers, beads … It all depends on the imagination of the artist. (Photo by Alessandro Bianchi | Reuters):

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18. (Photo by Alessandro Bianchi | Reuters):

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19. Carnival of Venice on 30 January 2016. (Photo by Alessandro Bianchi | Reuters):

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