Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

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Mysterious nebula, to which millions of light years, the birth of new stars and galaxy collisions. A selection of the best pictures from the Hubble Space Telescope for 2014.

1. Ring Nebula in the constellation Lyra. The radius of the nebula is about a third of a light year. If the nebula is continuously expanding, maintaining the current speed of 19 km / s, its age can be estimated at 5500 years. The nebula is located at a distance of 0.61 kiloparsec (2,000 light years) from Earth.

Planetary nebula “Ring” – one of the most popular objects of amateur astronomical observations. (Photo: NASA, ESA, STScI):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

2. The spiral galaxy in the constellation Virgo Sombrero. Located at a distance of 28 million light-years from Earth. Very strong X-ray emission is due, according to many astronomers, the presence of a black hole with a mass of 1 billion solar masses! in the center of this galaxy. This is one of the most massive found in the currently black holes. (Photo: NASA, STScI | AURA):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

3. nebula Sharpless 2-106 has an hourglass shape. As astronomers believe, a form of the nebula give massive stars inside that create a strong stellar wind, expelling material nebula at speeds over 200 km / sec. Studies also show that the nebula is an active process of the birth of young stars. The nebula is located about 2,000 light-years from Earth in the direction of the constellation Cygnus. Its dimensions are about 2 light years in length and 0.5 light years wide. It is believed that the central star of the nebula is 15 times the mass of our sun. (Photo: NASA, ESA, STScI | AURA):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

4. Hoag’s Object – Ring galaxy in the constellation Serpens. Distance from the Earth is about 600 million light years away. In the center of the galaxy is a cluster of relatively old stars yellow. It is surrounded by a ring of almost correct younger stars with a blue tint. The diameter of the galaxy – about 100 thousand light years. (Photo: NASA, STScI | AURA):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

5. Galactic Rose. This is a large spiral galaxy UGC 1810 in the constellation Andromeda, located at a distance of about 300 million light years from Earth. Its rose-like shape of the disk is gravitationally attracted to satellite galaxies UGC 1813. (Photo NASA, ESA, STScI | AURA):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

6. The galaxy ESO 137-001 in the constellation of the Southern Triangle. Located at a distance of more than 200 million light-years from Earth. (Photo: NASA, ESA, STScI | AURA):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

7. cluster of galaxies Abell 2218, located en distance of 2 billion light years from Earth. Arc in the picture – distorted images of galaxies that are still 5 to 10 times farther from us than Abell 2218 … (Photo by NASA, ERO, STScI | AURA):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

8. Net nebula IC 4406. If we could fly around in a spaceship, we would see that the gas and dust that form the “donut”, come from a dying star … The nebula lies about 1900 light years from Earth . (Photo: NASA, STScI | AURA):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

9. The Whirlpool Galaxy – the galaxy in the constellation Canes Venatici, which is at a distance of 23 million light-years from Earth. The diameter of the galaxy is about 100,000 light-years. (Photo: NASA, ESA, STScI | AURA):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

10. Red Rectangle Nebula – protoplanetary nebula in the constellation Monoceros at a distance 2300 light years from Earth, so named because of its red color and unique rectangular shape. (Photo: NASA, ESA):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

11. Star Cluster Pismis 24 lies in the middle of emission nebula NGC 6357, located at a distance of about 8000 light years from Earth. (Photo: NASA, ESA and Jesús Maíz Apellaniz | Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

12. The Cat’s Eye Nebula in the constellation Draco. The complexity of the structure is usually explained by coronal mass ejections in a double star system at the center of the nebula, but direct evidence that the central star has a companion, not found. In the center of the Cat’s Eye Nebula was bright and hot star (10 000 times brighter than the sun), but about 1000 years ago this star lost its outer shell and made ​​the nebula. Currently, the star loses mass at a speed of 20 trillion tons per second. (Photo: NASA, ESA, HEIC, STScI | AURA)

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

13. The spiral galaxy in the constellation Southern Pinwheel Hydra. It is located about 15 million light-years from us. (Photo: NASA, ESA, STScI | AURA):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

14. Shadow of Ganymede in Jupiter. Ganymede – one of the Galilean satellites of Jupiter, the seventh by their distance from him to all his companions and the largest moon in the Solar System. Presumably in the subsoil at a depth of about 200 km between the layers of ice there is an ocean of liquid water. (Photo: NASA, ESA, A. Simon | Goddard Space Flight Center):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

15. The object NGC 2174, known as Nebula “monkey head” is a cloud of cosmic dust and gas and is located 6,400 light-years away in the constellation of Orion. “The head of a monkey.” This nebula has everything you need for the formation of new stars, which, incidentally, happens. This region of space is literally packed with young stars, along with gas and dust. (Photo: NASA, ESA, STScI | AURA):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

16. Celestial spiral. IRAS 23166 + 1655 is a protoplanetary nebula surrounding LL Pegasi – a binary system, which includes a carbon star. (Photo: NASA, ESA, R. Sahai):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

17. Inside the Orion Nebula. Located at a distance of about 1344 light years from Earth and is 33 light years across. “Great Orion Nebula” along with “Andromeda”, the Pleiades and the “Magellanic Clouds” is one of the most famous deep-sky objects. (Photo: NASA, ESA, M. Robberto | STScI):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

18. Dust in the lenticular galaxy NGC 7049 in the constellation of Native American. (Photo: NASA, ESA and W. Harris | McMaster University, Ontario, Canada):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

19. Rainbow in the Egg Nebula. (Photo: NASA, STScI | AURA):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

20. Centaurus A (NGC 5128) – lenticular galaxy located in the constellation Centaurus. This is one of the brightest and closest to us of nearby galaxies, we shared a total of 12 million light-years. (Photo: NASA, STScI | AURA):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

21. Crab Nebula in the constellation Taurus, is a remnant of the supernova SN 1054. Located at a distance of about 6500 light years from Earth, the nebula has a diameter of 11 light years and is expanding at a rate of about 1,500 kilometers per second. (Photo: NASA, STScI | AURA):

22. barred spiral galaxy NGC 1300. Located at a distance of about 70 million light-years away in the constellation Eridanus. The size of NGC 1300 – 110 000 light-years, it’s a little more of our galaxy, the Milky Way. (Photo: NASA, ESA, STScI | AURA):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

23. V838 Mon – an unusual variable star in the constellation Monoceros, at a distance of about 20 000 light-years away. The surface temperature of V838 Monocerotis – 3270 Kelvin radius – 380 solar radii, luminosity – 15 000 times more solar luminosity. (Photo: NASA, ESA, STScI | AURA):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

24. At the edge of the universe. Since 2003, Hubble was aimed at a relatively empty part of our sky. This is a picture with an exposure of 1 million seconds, it covers thousands of very distant galaxies, some of which are located at a distance of 13 billion light years away. And each of these galaxies composed of billions of stars … (Photo: NASA, ESA, and S. Beckwith | STScI and the HUDF Team):

Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014

25. The pillar of dust and gas in the Carina Nebula, located 7,500 light-years from Earth. (Photo: NASA, ESA, M. Livio, STScI).

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Telescope Hubble: the Best Photos of 2014





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