Kilauea – the most active volcano of the island of Hawaii, which is continuously erupting since 1983. It is also considered the most active volcanoes on Earth.
Amazing Footage of Extreme Surfing with the lava in Hawaii:
1. It is necessary to be cautious. Lava flow rate can reach several meters per second. lava temperature ranges from 500 to 1200 ° C. It is enough to boil them alive.
2. The lava formed by volcanic eruptions of magma at the Earth’s surface. Due to the cooling gases and interaction with members of the air, the magma changes its properties, forming lava.
3. Earthquake Centers are located at a depth of up to 700 km from the earth surface level, ie volcanic material comes from the upper mantle.
4. The height of our Kilauea volcano – 1247 m above sea level, its base goes to the bottom of the Pacific Ocean at a depth of about 5 km.
5. At the top is a huge caldera of Kilauea; She rounded a 3 × 4 km. It is Halemaumau crater, featuring, who again became active in 2008, out of it constantly comes out volcanic gas column and bubbling lava lake.
6. The last eruption began January 3, 1983 and continuing to the present. In the phase of intensive activity of the volcano entered March 6, 2011.
7. Kilauea is considered home to the Hawaiian goddess of volcanoes, whose name is Pele.
9. In honor of Pele called some lava formation – for example:
- “Pele’s tears” – small drops of lava that cooled the air and take the form of lava in the form of drops, ball or strips.
- “Pele’s hair” – the result of lava cooling spray in the wind.
- “Pele’s seaweed” – the result of cooling lava bubbles bursting from the boiling water when runoff lava into the ocean.
As you can guess, in the background we see the “hair”.