June 7, 1929 in accordance with the Lateran Treaty was formed state of Vatican City. About Vatican and another 9 the smallest countries in the world can be found in our current collection.
The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis This is a microstate located in the West Indies – between North and South America, the islands of the Atlantic Ocean. The state is I on the two islands area of 261 square meters. km. It was the first island settled by Europeans. The main source of income, of course, tourism, but here as well-developed agriculture and offshore banking.
Vatican Vatican City – closed city-state located in one of the districts of Rome, and covering an area of 44 hectares. It was founded in 1929 and is managed by the Pope. Vatican City boasts the most beautiful buildings in the world – the Sistine Chapel, St. Peter’s Cathedral, the seat of the Pope – Apostolic Palace, etc. In addition half of the country is the Vatican gardens. The official citizens of the Vatican are about 800 people, and a few thousand Italians here daily commute to work.
Monaco The second smallest country is Monaco. Over the past 20 years due to drainage of the sea area of the country has increased and now it covers an area of 2.02 square meters. kilometer. Monaco is the second smallest monarchical state. The country is one of the most densely populated countries in the world and employs 30,000 people. The main income of the inhabitants of tourism brings.
Nauru Nauru is located in the South Pacific in Micronesia. The area of the state is 21.3 square meters. kilometer. The Republic of Nauru is the smallest island nation in the world. They gained independence in 1968, but home to the Aboriginal island was for 3 thousand years. Today the population is about 9 million people. The government of Nauru has no armed forces.
Tuvalu Tuvalu is also located in the South Pacific, and covers an area of 26 square meters. kilometers. The country also includes several coral islands. Previously, these islands belonged to the British crown and were called Ellis Island. Tuvalu gained independence from the British in 1978. Population – 10.5 thousand people. Due to the lack of natural resources, Tuvalu has to live through the help of other countries.
San Marino San Marino has an area of 61 square meters. kilometer and has the smallest population of the member states of the European Council. It is the oldest independent country in the world, it was founded on September 3 301 years. Besides San Marino is one of the richest countries in the world, it has revenues exceed expenses.
Liechtenstein This state has no outlet to the sea. Surface Area 160.4 square meters. kilometer. Liechtenstein is bordered by Switzerland and Austria and is one of the richest countries. It registered more companies than inhabitants.
Marshall Islands This is a state in the middle of the Pacific Ocean consists mainly of coral islands. The country area – 181 square meters. kilometer, population 62,000. In 1986, the islands became independent from the United States, but so far only help America helps them to “stay afloat.” The country has no natural resources, and imports far exceed exports.
Seychelles Seychelles occupy an area of 455 square kilometers, with a population of 84 thousand people. The archipelago is located to the north of Madagascar and consists of 115 islands of the Indian Ocean. Islands could develop due to the export of coconut, vanilla and cinnamon. But since 1976, when the country gained independence, the main source of income was tourism.
Maldives The island country is the Republic of Maldives in the Indian Ocean and the square is the smallest Asian country. The country area 298 square meters. km. with a population of 396,000. In the nation’s capital – Male living two-thirds of the residents. Previously, the country has evolved thanks to the export of dried tuna, shellfish, cowries and coconut ropes, now the main income tourism brings.