Every year on August 14 in Abiule (Abiul) is a holiday birthday Portuguese bullfighting. Portuguese bullfight – not just mediocre competition, watching you can while away the evening in the company of friends and acquaintances. This is a socio-cultural phenomenon, a wonderful combination of spectacular sport and high art, which involves only the desperate daredevils.
1. Portuguese bullfighting is different from Spanish. This is how the difference between one of the members of bullfighting: “In the Spanish bullfight contact, as such, between bullfighter and bull no. We bullfight – a real duel between human and animal. Amazing spectacular and highly risky venture. ” But the Portuguese bullfights – is not only and not so much fight. First of all – a bold challenge that man throws himself. It is a way to test themselves on the strength, to know yourself better.
2. Participants are divided into bullfighting riders – caballero and furkadush – foot soldiers. In past centuries, as Cavallero were only representatives of the aristocracy and commoners were all furkadush. Since then survived a difference in their outfit: suits furkadush much more modest.
3. Prancing horses, Cavallero stab the bull in the sharp peaks (farpy), whetted his team before going furkadush. The peaks are stuck in subcutaneous fat bag on the shoulder bull and get stuck there. By pain is comparable to a needle prick to humans.
4. Ordinary horses at the sight of an angry bull behave unpredictably. Therefore, from the XVIII century in the bullfight attended only Arabian stallions that have the most unflappable character. There is such a horse fortune, and caring for it – a science.
5. Performers on stage in Portugal exclusively lovers. Professional furkadush in the country is almost gone. None of the participants bullfighting does not get the money – the Portuguese are doing it solely for his own pleasure. Some people do not have enough adrenaline for someone Arena – calling, there are hereditary fighters. In Portugal, still preserved furkadush dynasty.
6. From time immemorial, in Portugal there is a clear age limits for members of bullfighting. Most young men are called “infantish”, which means “babies.” This group consists of boys between the ages of 10 and 14 who are against young bulls. The next group – “yuvenaylz,” or “adolescents”. It brings together youths from 14 to 18 years. However, the main age group – from 18 to 35. Although the 35 – conditional limit, some go into the arena and 45, if health permits.
7. Compulsory element of Portuguese bullfighting: it begins with a long, grueling workout. Training usually lasts one and a half to two hours. Participate in it several teams, each consisting of eight people.
8. Each eight furkadush has a clear organization. While some people provoke the bull to contact and take the brunt of another must hold the animal’s tail. Functions in the team distributes “senior furkadush” orders which are not subject to discussion. For each of the fighters he coaches, older brother and guardian angel rolled into one.
9. The scheme is very simple: against the formidable beast is the most desperate fighter.
10. Age bulls involved in bullfighting, – three or four years, weight – five or six hundred pounds.
11. Bullfighting phenomenally popular with the Portuguese, so the stands are never empty. But the most popular bullfights, oddly enough, among the girls: be a friend furkadush – the dream of every young Portuguese.
12. And before training and before the bullfight on the horns of animals wear special leather covers – they soften the blow. But the cases will not save furkadush, if he does at least one false move. To participate in a bullfight, one brave enough – will also need a cool head, good eyesight and coordination of movements.
13. Each furkadush necessarily have two ties for performances. One – black, the other – red. Red – every day. Black worn only in the case of mourning, when someone dies from friends or relatives.
14. Bulls, contrary to popular belief, the end of bullfighting is not sent to the slaughterhouse, and returned to the paddock. Compared with the rest of the bullfight, the Portuguese – less bloodthirsty.