Last Saturday, July 27, 2013 approximately 50 tons of crude oil from the pipe spilled in the Gulf of Thailand to reach the beaches of the resort island of Koh Samet in Thailand. Today we recall the large man-made disasters that have occurred in the world in the XXI century.
September 21, 2001 in French at Toulouse AZF chemical plant explosion, the consequences of which are considered one of the largest man-made disasters . Exploded 300 tons of ammonium nitrate (nitrate), which were in stock of finished goods. Officially, the guilty plant management, which did not provide safe storage of explosive materials.
The consequences of the disaster were gigantic, killing 30 people, the total number of wounded – more than 3 00, were destroyed or damaged thousands of homes and buildings, including almost 80 schools, 2 university, 185 kindergartens, without a roof over their heads were 40,000 people, More than 130 companies actually ceased operations. total damage – EUR 3 billion .
November 13, 2002 off the coast of Spain a heavy storm hit the oil tanker Prestige, which was located in the holds of more than 77,000 tons of fuel oil. As a result of the storm in the hull of the ship is a crack length of about 50 meters. November 19 tanker broke in half and sank. As a result of the disaster at sea were 63,000 tons of fuel oil.
Cleaning the sea and the coast of the oil cost 12 dollars MHR full damage the ecosystem can not be estimated.
August 26, 2004 near Cologne in western Germany from the bridge Wiehltal a height of 100 meters down fuel tanker carrying 32,000 liters of fuel. After the fall of fuel truck exploded. The culprit of the accident was a sports car that skidded on a slippery road, which caused the skid tank truck.
This accident is considered to be one of the most expensive man-made disasters in history – a temporary repair of the bridge is $ 40 million, and the total reconstruction – 318 million dollars.
March 19, 2007 due to a methane explosion at the mine “Ulyanovsk” in the Kemerovo region killed 110 people. After the first 5-7 seconds after the explosion was followed by four explosions, which caused extensive landslides in developments in several places. Chief engineer were killed and almost the entire leadership of the mine. This accident is the largest in the Russian coal mining over the past 75 years .
August 17, 2009 there was a man-made disaster at the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power station, located on the Yenisei River. It happened during the repair of a hydroelectric power plant. The accident destroyed the 3rd and 4th water lines, there was a destruction of wall and flooding the engine room. 9 out of 10 turbines is completely out of order, he’s been stopped.
The accident was disrupted power supply Siberian regions, including limited electricity supply in Tomsk, touched off several Siberian aluminum smelters. As a result of the disaster killed 75 people, another 13 were wounded.
The damage caused by the accident at the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power station has exceeded 7.3 billion rubles, including damage to the environment. The other day in Khakassia started the trial for man-made disaster at the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power station in 2009.
October 4, 2010 in the west of Hungary, there was a major ecological catastrophe. At a major factory for the production of aluminum explosion destroyed a dam reservoir with toxic waste – the so-called red mud. About 1.1 million cubic meters of caustic substances sank 3-meter and flow of Kolontár Dechever 160 kilometers west of Budapest.
Red mud – a precipitate which is formed during the production of alumina. After contact with skin, it acts upon it as an alkali. As a result of accident 10 people were killed and about 150 were injured, and burns.
April 22, 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico off the coast of the U.S. state of Louisiana after the explosion, which killed 11 people, and a 36-hour fire, sank controlled drilling platform Deepwater Horizon .
Stop the oil leak was only 4 August 2010. In the Gulf of Mexico waters spilled about 5 million barrels of crude oil. The platform on which the accident occurred, owned by the Swiss company, and at the time of man-made disaster was managed by the platform Vritish Petroleum.
March 11, 2011 in the north-east of Japan on the plant “Fukushima-1” after the earthquake was the largest in 25 years after the disaster at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident . Following the aftershocks of magnitude 9.0 on the coast came a huge tsunami that damaged four of the six reactors of the nuclear power plant and put out of action the cooling system, which led to a series of hydrogen explosions, melting of the core.
Total emissions of iodine-131 and cesium-137 after the accident at the plant “Fukushima-1” was 900,000 terabekkreley that does not exceed 20% of the emissions from the Chernobyl accident in 1986, which amounted to 5.2 million terabecquerels then.
The total damage caused by the accident at the nuclear power plant “Fukushima-1”, the experts evaluated at 74 billion dollars . The complete elimination of the accident, including the dismantling of the reactors, will take about 40 years.
Nuclear power plant “Fukushima-1”:
July 11, 2011 at the naval base near Limassol in Cyprus was an explosion that killed 13 lives and put the island nation to the brink of economic crisis , destroying the island’s largest power station.
Investigators accused the President of the Republic Demetris Christofias that he negligently treated the issue of munitions confiscated in 2009 from a vessel “Monchegorsk” on suspicion of smuggling weapons to Iran. In fact the ammunition were stored directly on the ground in the naval base and detonated due to the heat.
Destroyed Mari power station in Cyprus, 2011:
February 28, 2012 at a chemical plant in China’s Hebei province, an explosion occurred, killing 25 people. The explosion in the production department of nitroguanidine (it is used as a rocket fuel) at the chemical plant of “Hebei Keer” in Shijiazhuang City:
August 25, 2012 in the largest oil refinery in Venezuela Paraguana Refining Center was a massive explosion. The fire spread to the adjacent barracks, pipes and cars parked nearby:
Completely extinguish the flame was only three days later, on August 28. As a result of man-made disaster killed 42 people, injured 150.
April 18, 2013 in the U.S. city in the state of West Texas fertilizer factory was a massive explosion .
Nearly 100 buildings in the area were destroyed, from 5 to 15 people were killed and around 160 people were injured and the town looked like a war zone or on the set of another film about the Terminator.