Iceland – an island state located in the northern part of the Atlantic Ocean. Translated from the Old Norse Iceland means “icy country.” Since the island was called the first settlers who moved here from the Scandinavian peninsula in the middle of the IX century.
The weather in this country is changing dramatically, sometimes for days, which depends on the passage of cyclones eastward across the Atlantic. Icelandic proverb says: “If you do not like the weather, wait five minutes, and will be even worse.”
Dark time is from mid-November until the end of January. At this time, the height of the Sun at the highest climax does not exceed a few degrees (polar night in Iceland is not).
Throughout the summer in Iceland “white nights”, on June 21 the sun rises at 2:54 and sets at 00:02 the next day.
December, in contrast to June, the darkest month – daylight lasts no more than 5 hours.
But that just makes it more Iceland unlike the others – it’s lava fields. They come in and smooth as plates, and similar to the sea suddenly frozen in a time of vigorous agitation, and naked, and thickly overgrown with moss or lichen, and black and red, and bright green, and cast all the colors of the rainbow. They occupy a huge space in the country.
Reykjavik – the northernmost capital in the world and is the westernmost capital in Europe.
The average temperature does not drop below in the winter months – 4 ° C.
The distance from the south coast of Iceland to the North Pole is the distance from the northernmost point of Antarctica to the South Pole.
Iceland – the largest island of volcanic origin.
More than 10% of Iceland is covered by glaciers (12 sq. km).
There are no forests, Iceland is almost devoid of forests, woodlands make up only about 1% of the total area of the island.
Vatnajökull – glacier in Iceland, the largest glacier in Europe, and the waterfall Dettifoss – the most powerful waterfall in Europe. Its height is 40 m, and 100 m width details.
Interestingly, the Icelanders do not have names. In Iceland, the person is called by his own name given at birth, with the addition of patronymic, ie the name of the father (or sometimes matronima, that is the mother’s name), which approximately corresponds to the Russian patronymic.
For example, the famous Icelandic singer “Bjork Gudmundsdottir” – literally “Bjork, daughter of Gudmund,” and the President of Iceland “Oulavyur Ragnar Grimsson” – “Olafur Ragnar, the son of Grim.”
Iceland’s closest neighbor is Greenland. The two islands are located at a distance of about 300 km apart.