From the 1980s. a small coastal plain, 30 km south-west of the Spanish city of Almeria has turned into the largest greenhouses are concentrated in the world, who took almost 26,000 hectares. Every year several thousand tons are grown greenhouse vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers and zucchini. More than half of the total volume of fresh fruit and vegetables to the European market are grown in local greenhouses, bringing the economy Almeria annual revenue of $ 1.5 billion.
1. 35 years ago, this region in the south-east of Spain was known only for its dry and harsh climate. Everyone here was like a desert, and in the year the rainfall was only 200 mm of rain. There’s even filmed many European westerns, because the scenery is well suited.
2. However, imported salt and complete hydroponic systems that feed the plants with chemical fertilizers last 35 years, let this place turn into a real paradise of agriculture. Greenhouse, of course.
3. These greenhouses has a huge number of small businesses and large companies. The temperature inside can reach over 45 degrees Celsius. For many Spanish workers to work here too hard because of the high temperatures, so the work in greenhouses, mostly legal and illegal immigrants from Africa and Eastern Europe.
4. It is believed that in these greenhouses running 100,000 immigrants, and many believe that it is the lack of labor rights of local workers makes this place thrive. On many farms there are no toilets, and women often work as prostitutes.
5. Some workers also sign labor contracts that they should give the money to their superiors. Here pay 33-36 euros per day.
6. Sea with white roofs of greenhouses in Almeria is so vast that researchers at the University of Almeria found that by reflecting sunlight back into the atmosphere, these greenhouse serve as a unique fan for the entire province.
7. While the temperature in the rest of Spain rises above a conventional level, local parameters fall, on average, by 0.3 degrees Celsius every 10 years since 1983.
8. Greenhouses have become so successful and profitable that engulfed the entire plain Dalias and already close to the valleys surrounding hills Alpuharra – one of the most beautiful and unspoilt places in Spain. Several small towns have been completely absorbed by the growing greenhouses.
9. The region also settled manufacturers of plastic and waste processing. After all, there are garbage and trash everywhere, even blocking river channels.
10. Last month, the death of a sperm whale, which washed up on the coast of Spain, attributed to the malign influence of greenhouses of Almeria in the country, because the sperm whale swallowed 17 kg of plastic waste thrown into the sea. Among the debris were also empty plastic containers with residues of toxic waste. On the coast of El Pozuelo garbage has already reached the level of the ankles.