Exocoetidae – a family of fish that are in common are called volatile. And no wonder, because these fish are able to jump out of the water and to plan over its surface with the help of his impressive pectoral fins. Thanks to the streamlined torpedo-shaped body fish can get enough speed under the water, then to escape to the surface and take to the air and to plan with large, wing-like fins on a fairly long distance.
1. Usually the path of their “missions” is about 50 meters, but there were times when the flying fish covered the distance of 200 meters or more. Some of these fish have elongated ventral and pectoral fins that allow them to plan more than a flying squirrel (up to 400 meters). Besides, they have an excellent ability to maneuver. Such fish called chetyrehkrylymi.
2. To come up out of the water, the fish wags its tail about 70 times per second. It then spreads its pectoral fins and tilts them slightly.
3. At the end of the “flight” she adds pectoral fins to re zanyrnut, or lowers the tail in the water to rise for the next flight, perhaps with a change of direction.
4. The curved shape of “wing” flying fish is comparable to the aerodynamic shape of a bird’s wing.
5. It is known that in order to increase the flight times, the fish may take advantage of the vertical air streams.
6. It is believed that the unique ability to fly evolved in fish family Exocoetidae, to avoid natural enemies, of which they have done.
7. Among the main predators that hunt flying fish can be called mackerel, tuna, swordfish, marlin and other large underwater inhabitants. Unfortunately, the aerial maneuvers fish Exocoetidae not enough to avoid the most dangerous predator on Earth – man.
8. Flying fish are caught commercially in Asian countries such as Japan, Vietnam and China, as well as in the Caribbean, where it is considered a delicacy.
9. In Japanese cuisine from the fish cook some types of sushi.
10. Flying fish are also routinely used in the kitchen of the people on Taiwan s.
11. In Barbados, flying fish threatened by pollution and intensive fishing too, which is why its population in the waters around the island has declined sharply.
12. This has generated some controversy in the fishing industry between Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago.