The future in the fantasies of writers seemed to everyone in its own way, but these people predicted it, and inspired the current scientists for new inventions!
Ray Bradbury is one of the few American science fiction writers actively published in the USSR. It is difficult to say what inventions the writer foresaw and which inspired his works. In his books there appears, for example, a lock that opens with the help of a fingerprint of the owner, as well as an air-cushion train, which the Japanese have already done.
Briton Arthur Clark deservedly received the knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II, becoming Sir Arthur. He was not only a writer, but also an inventor and a scientist. Clark anticipated the emergence of artificial satellites back in 1945. He assumed that if you place satellites in the equatorial orbit, they, like the Earth, will have a speed of 24 hours. Such satellites today broadcast TV signals, and their orbit is called the “Clark Belt”.
The American science fiction writer had a difficult time: in 1964 he was invited to make a report on the life of mankind in half a century. Of course, Azimov was a talented writer and scientist, but it’s not clairvoyant! He fell into a mess, assuming that half of the energy on the planet will be generated by the nuclear power plant. But perfectly foresaw the emergence of 3D movies, wireless technologies, smartphones, satellite communications and the Internet. And at the same time, the construction of solar power plants in the deserts. Will you say that wireless technologies were no longer “such a fantasy” then? Do not flatter yourself. Over “Star Wars”, shot 20 years later, now like to laugh: George Lucas could imagine flights faster than the speed of light, but not wireless headphones in the cockpit!
Glory to the gods, not all the fantasies of Herbert Wells were realistic. Otherwise, the unenviable fate described in the novel “The Time Machine”, where humanity has degenerated into two races: ground and underground, would await us. Closer to the truth was the novel written in 1898, The War of the Worlds. The writer described the laser long before the invention – only 18 years later Einstein would make the assumption of stimulated emission, the physical basis of any laser. And the first optical quantum generator will appear even later. In addition, Wells developed the concept of conducting biological wars and described air bombardments, which were still about forty years old. However, these are predictions about which one can say: it’s nice, if it did not come true.
If you do not know when Robert Heinlein lived and worked, an unprepared reader can easily find him a contemporary. And after all the writer has died in 1988, besides in very old age. Heinlein was not for nothing the first professional science fiction writer! And today it is considered one of the best. Glory well-deserved: Robert Heinlein in his works described the prototypes of a mobile phone, a microwave oven and even Internet search engines.
The novel “From the Earth to the Moon” was released in 1865. Probably, readers of the XIX century were admired by the power of the author’s irrepressible imagination – still, a heavy rocket breaks away from the surface of the planet and goes to the moon – a fantasy! But the inhabitants of the century before last would be surprised even more if they knew that their contemporary in these novels predicted many discoveries and inventions of the future.
Edward “Doc” Smith
In 1934, in his book invented metal discs, which recorded information – in fact, they appeared in 25 years. In addition, he came up with a cartographer – a small device that records the route of movement – an analog of modern GPS navigation.
In 1975, the book “Straddle a shock wave” by John Braner. It first appears such a thing as a computer virus, a worm. Thanks to this book, the term “worm” (worm) entered our life. In addition, the science fiction writers foresaw a number of things – both pleasant and unpleasant – miniature e-books, automatic spamming of computer programs, and even the appearance of hackers.