Designed in the late 1770s this incredible little robot called simply The Writer, was designed and built by Swiss-born watchmaker Pierre Jaquet-Droz with help from his son Henri-Louis, and Jean-Frédéric Leschot.
He also produced two other similarly automated dolls – a boy called The Draughtsman who can draw four images: Louis XV, a royal couple, a dog and Cupid driving a chariot that is pulled by a butterfly; and The Musician, a female player who produces music by hitting the notes on a specially-designed organ.
Other examples of the watchmaker’s ingenuity can be seen in “The Draughtsman” and “The Musician,” two other automata that he created. “The draughtsman” is a young boy that operates using machinery similar to the parts found in “The Writer.” The young child can draw four different images: a portrait of Louis XV, a royal couple, a dog, and a scene of Cupid driving a chariot pulled by a butterfly. “The Musician” is an elegant female doll that produces real music by pressing her fingers on the keys of a custom-built organ.
Still in operating condition, all three dolls are now exhibited at the Musee d’Art et d’Histoire of Neuchatel in Switzerland.
18’th Century Dolls May be the World’s First Computers: