Anchorage – the largest city in Alaska, the northernmost of the large cities in the United States. He appeared in the early twentieth century as a village builders Alaska Railroad. Anchorage – the most convenient starting point for travelers on the Alaska. On all sides the city is surrounded by mountains of the Chugach and Cook Inlet. National parks and reserves are so close that even in the center of Anchorage is possible to meet wild animals.
1. Old city building almost did not survive. Everything was destroyed by the great Alaskan earthquake in March 1964. The magnitude of the tremors was 9.2 points. Somehow in the city died while only 9 people.
Anchorage has never been any fishing or mining center, unlike other cities in Alaska. Earth for tens of miles around the city does not contain any mineral resources.
2. The city is home to about 300 thousand people – it is 42% of the population in all of Alaska. Only New York has a higher percentage of residents living in the largest city of the state.
3. 4th Avenue (4th Avenue). Central Business District Anchorage ( “Downtown”) has a characteristic of all American cities clear rectangular layout. Avenue in the center of the designated numbers and go from east to west. Streets run north-south. Some of them are designated by letters from A Street in the east to N-Street on the west and the other east of A Street, named in alphabetical order by city Alaska.
4. Peratrovich Park (Peratrovich Park). The park is named in honor of Elizabeth Peratrovich, a fighter for the rights of the indigenous peoples of Alaska. Through active human rights defender in 1945 in the state adopted the “Law Against Discrimination” – the first anti-discrimination law in the United States.
5. City four voted “All-American City” (Annual Award All-America City Award for achievements in development) and one time – the city with the best tax. For example, there is no sales tax.
6. Old City Hall (Old Anchorage City Hall). Until 1979, it housed the administration of the city. Now the building is a tourist information center staff (Visitor Information Center). The very same information center of Anchorage is located in a small building with a green roof covered with grass.
Tourism is very important for the city’s economy. The season lasts only a few months, but almost all the tourists who want to see Alaska, arriving in Anchorage. From here you can go on the Kenai Peninsula (paradise for anglers), the famous city of gold diggers or Fairbanks Denali National Park.
7. Park Town Square (Town Square Park).
8. Contemporary Art Center of Alaska (Alaska Center for the Performing Arts).
9. Rezolyushen Park (Resolution Park). The park is named after the flagship discoverer James Cook.
10. James Cook Monument (Statue of James Cook). As a British naval officer and explorer, Cook made several voyages round the world. During the third world tour in 1776, he tried to find the Northwest Passage – a sea route, located north of the American continent between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. He rose to the north along the west coast of North America and passed by the place where the Anchorage will appear in the future. Then this place is called the Cook Inlet.
11. Station Anchorage (Anchorage Depot) – the center of the Alaska Railroad.
12. The length of the Alaska Railroad – 760 km. Peak load is experiencing summer. The tourist trains have special cars with the top floor overview.
13. Anchorage Museum (Anchorage Museum at Rasmuson Center). Anchorage Museum was opened in honor of the century, the purchase of Alaska from Russia in 1968. The museum’s collection of 25 thousand items, and about half a million historical photographs. In the permanent exhibition the emphasis is on the history of Alaska, northern art and ethnography.
14. The intersection of West 4th Avenue and E Street.
15. In the foreground can be seen the building, connected by a transitional bridge diagonally. It is the largest shopping center in Alaska – «5th Avenue Mall».
16. Souvenir shops.
17. In Anchorage you can see the famous Northern Lights. Most hotels have adapted very well to this service and offer a “wake the client in the case of the northern lights.”
18. Delaney Park Strip (Delaney Park Strip). Park-long 13 blocks – the oldest in Anchorage. Initially, the space was used as a golf course and even an airfield. Now it hosts a variety of social and sports events.
19. Memorial veterans Alaska (Anchorage Veterans Memorial).
20. Westchester Lagoon (Westchester Lagoon).
21. Ted Stevens Anchorage Airport (Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport) – Alaska’s main airport and the fifth in the world in terms of volume of cargo transportation. After Anchorage cargo communication takes place between the US and Asia, in addition, the airport is abundantly supplied with aviation fuel from refineries in Alaska.
22. Take off Boeing-747 airlines Cathay Pacific Cargo cargo plane.
23. Hood Seaplane Base Lake (Lake Hood Floatplane Base).
24. Small aircraft are sometimes metaphorically called “the lifeblood of Alaska.” Small planes delivered emergency goods, transport people looking for missing people in remote areas. All because in the hill country with lakes and dense forests is unprofitable to build roads.
25. Planting seaplanes.
26. Lake Hood serves more than 190 flights daily.
29. Airfield Merrill Field (Merrill Field). From 1930 to 1951, he was the only airport in the city. The airfield is named after Russell Merrill (Russel Merrill) – pioneer of aviation in Alaska.
30. Today, Merrill Field – the main airfield for private aviation Anchorage (except seaplanes, of course).
31. Boeing-727 US postal courier company FedEx.
32. Military Air Base Elmendorf (Elmendorf Air Force Base). It was built in 1941, and in 2010 merged with the military base of land forces “Fort Richardson”. Now it’s “United Base Elmendorf-Richardson.”
33. Road junction at the intersection of Minnesota Drive and West International Airport Road.
34. Residential buildings.
37. Cemetery Anchorage (Anchorage Memorial Park Cemetery).
38. Located at 61 degrees north latitude, Anchorage is located just north of Oslo, Helsinki, Stockholm and St. Petersburg, but far to the south of Reykjavik or Murmansk.