Architectural summing up last year: the museum “of stone, water and wind,” a huge multi-colored molecule, toy train, a piece of amber fused curving skyscraper and other masterpieces.
20 Best New Buildings of the Planet:
1. New airport terminal in Shenzhen Massimiliano Fuksas Italian works like a fish polutorakilometrovaya covered with shiny scales hexagonal windows. Opened in late November, the building is striking not only for its size, but also futuristic design: daylight effectively penetrates the translucent facade to the interior. Construction of the complex lasted for about four years and cost $ 1.4 billion terminal capacity – 25 million passengers per year: this should be enough to get in the near future to meet the needs of a free economic zone on the border with Hong Kong. However, the architect has placed in the project the possibility of further reconstruction of the airport.
2. Rem Koolhaas-designed “high-altitude city» De Rotterdam – the most massive building of the Netherlands. Located in the former harbor district of Rotterdam glass wall of the eight blocks in height one hundred and fifty meters accommodates a hotel, offices, accommodation, conference facilities and a shopping center in the podium. The project was developed in 1997, but because of the cost to begin construction was only after the 2008 crisis. Then, because demand has fallen sharply fell seriously contractor services – and still building at a cost of a whopping € 340 million
3. Another building in the Chinese Shenzhen – and again the work of Rem Koolhaas OMA Office. How exactly noticed main columnists in the world architecture magazine Mark, 250-meter building the Shenzhen Financial Exchange looks too easy to have a website, but at the same time so it is original, it is unlikely to be subject to follow. Architects OMA raised base built up, turning it into the console, and suddenly had a fresh image of the skyscraper.
4. Utilitarian nature of the building is not a reason to make it boring. In the past year, the Swiss Herzog and de Meuron rebuilt fair center in Basel: thanks proportioned aluminum facades new exhibition pavilion looks easily and effectively, and pass through the center of construction allowed to deploy before a closed complex to the city and create a new public space.
5. Swiss project minimalist Japanese Shigeru Ban, first experimented with the construction of temporary buildings made of cardboard (one of his works – Pavilion “Garage” in Moscow’s Gorky Park). In Zurich architect erected air headquarters media concern Tamedia. No bolts and concrete: a five-storey office building is built like a designer, wooden frame over which draped lightweight glass facade. Ironically, Shigeru Ban could not get permission for the erection of this building at home, but traditional Japanese techniques came to a place in Europe.
6. Along with Norman Foster, Zaha Hadid – a staple of British architectural exports: its offices in a heartbeat designs luxurious deconstructionist-building rides for eastern despotisms. No wonder that Hadid is the author of one of the most spectacular new buildings on the territory of the former USSR. Opened a year ago Heydar Aliyev Cultural Center in Baku – hardly the most interesting museum in the world, but it impresses with its smooth, fluid forms, the creation of which would be impossible without the use of innovative materials.
7. All 2013 Marseille wore honorary status of European Capital of Culture, and in honor of this event, the city opened MUCEM – Museum of European and Mediterranean civilizations, the creation of which began almost ten years ago. According to the Frenchman Rudy Ricciotti, his building was built “of stone, water and wind,” and it’s not a metaphor. The museum consists of two cubes: internal, to the halls of the exhibition, and external – the facade as an openwork mesh. Due to this with some angles massive building of fiber-reinforced concrete can be seen through. From the roof of the new building is spanned by a bridge to the ephemeral Old Fort Saint-Jean, where the second part of the museum. Pure poetry.
8. Headquartered Norwegian oil company Statoil in a suburb of Oslo – seems to be one of the best office buildings in the world and a great example of modern European architecture. Nothing tricky five elongated parallelepipeds thrown at each other in three tiers, and the internal space between the glaze. But this is enough to leave a sense of the whole structure of the continuous movement.
9. Architectural skevomorfizm in action. Center for Molecular Science in Melbourne looks like a huge multi-colored molecule and educational hierarchy is inherent in the very layout of the building: at the bottom – an audience of students at the top – the laboratory scientists. This is not only a spectacular work of local architectural bureau Lyons – in the last few years they have built in a number of public buildings, which are composed of the child if the designer.
10. Dalian International Conference Center – a huge, even by Chinese standards, the sea monster (inside the building in two large and six small rooms can accommodate more than six thousand people), to which Austrian architects Bureau of Coop Himmelb (l) au have spent tens of thousands of tons of steel and the same concrete. However, so conceived and Dalian experiencing a construction boom, and the city was just a strange attraction needed on the coast. Will the appearance of the building to the Bilbao effect, it is not clear: other Chinese metropolises are also experiencing a construction boom and prepare their dominant. In Shenzhen, there are at least there will be more.
11. Unusual, but still architecture: British Antarctic station Halley VI recalls toy train, which is made up of eight cars. Each module has “legs” of varying length and mounted on skis – if necessary, the station can be towed to the right place. Because of the extreme conditions on the establishment of the station construction took four years. Among other interesting details – red inside the module are private bar and billiard room.
12. Another building Attraction: last year on the outskirts of Malmo opened one of the biggest Swedish malls. Architect Gert Vingord decided to diversify generally dull appearance of commercial buildings facade and decided to form the fused piece of amber.
13. Architectural bureau WOHA from Singapore specializes in creating “green” buildings. Their latest work – hotel Parkroyal, which split along the front four rows of vertical gardens.
14. New landmark Copenhagen – Aquarium “Blue Planet.” Architectural office 3XN decided one of the world’s biggest aquariums in a swirling silver volume resembling a bird’s eye whether the screw, or a huge whirlpool – the building is located just walking distance from Copenhagen Airport.
15. It would be strange if the Swiss Max Dudler not receive the Pritzker Prize: its cool minimalist buildings deserve nothing less than the work of Peter Zumthor. One of the last built their buildings – the usual concert hall in the small German town of Reutlingen. It looks as if the Soviet Union around 1970, but it is made much sleeker and much higher technical level. Real art.
16. Residential quarter «Sliced Porosity Block» Chinese metropolis of Chengdu Steven Holl. Rugged and torn the form of five skyscrapers, a massive concrete structure which imposed on the facades – not a whim British architect. First, because this solution is less than the entire building obscures the surrounding space. Secondly, and most importantly – Chengdu is located in an active seismic zone activity and unusual solution allows buildings quarter to maintain stability during the aftershocks.
17. London apartment complex NEO Bankside from Richard Rogers. Author hi-tech and turned inside out like the Pompidou Centre and the Lloyd’s building again uses industrial aesthetics, but rather decorative purposes: located near Tate Modern.
18. Trehsotmetrovoy living Cayan Tower skyscraper in Dubai – the most massive curving skyscraper on the planet: the upper floors have been rotated 90 degrees relative to the base. Such form should help to reduce wind pressure on the building.
19. New judicial complex in the Belgian city of Hasselt surprised not so much its unusual shape, as its ordinary. This is a normal modern European architecture that tries to inhabit before wasteland – Justice Palace built by the railroad tracks on the former industrial areas. Reflection tranquil and prosperous life in Western Europe, nothing more – and it is not surprising that in the Russian reality this average level is impossible.
20. Trehsotmetrovoy London “splinter” of Renzo Piano – the tallest building in the European Union, and one of the most complex and technologically advanced Western world safer skyscrapers, built to withstand a collision with a large airliner. The Shard – a prime example of how to be a skyscraper after the events of September 11.